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The watering place has always been the focal point of life on earth. First animals and then humankind clustered around their source of fresh water. Both animals and humans can exist for weeks without food, but without water life ceases within days. Wells were one of humans earliest construction activities.

The earliest wells are know from the Neolithic era. Neolithic refers to the time period roughly 7,000-10,000 BC well construction seems to date from the time of the adoption of a series of behaviours common to the people of a given region. These behaviours include the widespread use of farming, the keeping of domestic animals.

Ensuring that water wells are constructed in a manner that does not compromise water quality and the environment is a critical component to proving safe potable water to the citizens of New Brunswick. For this reason, when a new well is developed by a water well contractor , the property owner is charged a fee prescribed in the potable water regulation (93-203) – clean water act to provide potability testing.

Water well contractors and well drillers are responsible for renewing their permits each year and for constructing water wells according to regulatory requirements in terms of the materials used, construction methods and location of the well on a given property and in relation to potential sources of contamination. The well contractor is also responsible for attaching an identifying tag to the well casing and the well owner is provided with a voucher to have a water quality analysis done at the department are provided with a copy of the well log it is important for a well owner to redeem their voucher in order to be aware of the quality and potability of their drinking water.